March 2006, Nikon Kenkyukai Tokyo, Meeting Report
Nippon Kogaku's super rare vintage telescope
March 18, 2006
Very Super Rare
Historic Nikon Material
Nippon Kogaku's vintage telescope
Tokyo meeting is very hot now.
Neko-san, a member of Nikon Kenkyukai is famous for
a collector of old Nippon Kogaku's optical instruments.
He introduced a very interesting old vintage telescope to us.
Strongly-built wooden box
Historical telescope appeared
Strong cast iron mount
Smoothly elevator drive
Quite expensive Nippon Kogaku's telescope
The 3 inch and 2 inch small telescopes first appeared in 1920
but they seldom sold because they were quite expensive for amateur astronomer.
It seems that this early telescope was manufactured in 1925 by Nippon Kogaku.
This telescope has a still high performance.
Ground prism and eyepiece turret
Nippon Kogaku 3 inch astronomical telescope, obliquely cut lens shade
Lens cap and Finder
Old Nikon eyepiece and telescope adaptor for Nikon S
Hoei Nojiri and Nippon Kogaku
Hoei Nojiri (1885-1977) is not only a famous writer in Japan
who wrote a lot of books on astronomy but also
a famous poet and astronomical folklore scholar.
Hoei Nojiri named Pluto "Meio-sei" in Japanese (Meio-sei is the planet of the king of the underworld).
It is very important to know the telescope which Hoei Nojiri had to research an old Nippon Kogaku telescope.
I asked Mr. Mitsuyoshi Kodama about the telescope of Hoei Nojiri.
Kodama-san is a former director of GOTO INC.
He is an expert of an old telescope of Japan.
Hoei Nojiri bought the telescope on July 21, 1928.
It was a very expensive Nippon Kogaku 4 inch astronomical telescope.
His telescope is the 1st production model,
so serial number "101" was engraved on the metallic frame of the lens.
He named this telescope "LONG TOM" and he loved it.
Please look at the following old photo.
Hoei Nojiri and his telescope LONG TOM
Photo: Copyright (c) 2006, Hoei Nojiri, Japan, All Rights Reserved
The Nikon Kenkyukai obtained the permission of publishing
the photo from the bereaved family in Hoei Nojiri
by negotiating on Kodama-san.
Therefore, it is prohibited to reprint or reuse this photo.
This is a historical fantastic photo.
Over 60 years ago, young people and young girl gathered in Hoei Nojiri's house
to observe the beautiful Galaxy.
It was a night of old vintage Tokyo in summer 1940.
A man who has a mandolin is a big-sky poet Yoshi Nagai.
Please visit here to learn more.
Hoei Nojiri and LONG TOM and Big-sky poet Yoshi Nagai
Hoei Nojiri Exhibitions
A special exhibition of Hoei Nojiri was held at the Machida City Museum in Tokyo in the summer of 2006.
His astronomical telescope, nicknamed LONG TOM, was exhibited.
Machida City Museum, Tokyo
Emperor Hirohito's Nippon Kogaku telescope
Mother of LONG TOM is Nippon Kogaku 4.5 inch astronomical telescope.
The emperor Hirohito ordered Nippon Kogaku to manufacture the astronomical telescope.
The emperor was also a scholar who loved physical science.
Emperor's telescope was manufactured in 1926.
Yes, it was a beautiful Nippon Kogaku 4.5 inch astronomical telescope.
The following photos are articles in the Kagaku Gaho (Sience Magazine) in September 1926.
Emperor Hirohito's Telescope, Nippon Kogaku, 1926
The LONG TOM seems to have been manufactured referring to the Zeiss 4 inch telescope.
At that time, the teacher of Nippon Kogaku was Carl Zeiss in Germany.
The following photo is an ad in the Kagaku Gaho (Sience Magazine) in January 1928.
Carl Zeiss Telescope, 1928
Nippon Kogaku cool vintage telescope
Super paper collection
Well, let's return to the meeting now after the hot discussion of telescope.
The Nikkor Club was established in 1952.
The "NIKKOR" magazine 1st issue was published in 1953.
The "NIKKOR CLUB NEWS" like the tabloid press was issued in 1957,
and this was distributed four times a year to the club members.
The "nikkor club" magazine became the same style now for 1958.
Margaret Bourke-white contributed the special article to the NIKKOR magazine 1st issue 1952.
She went to the front with Nikon S.
Jun Miki talked about the topic of famous Nikon story of
"David Douglas Duncan and his strong expectation for Nikkor lenses"
in NIKKOR CLUB NEWS 26th issue 1963.
These all collections are Kenkyukai member's.
The first NIKKOR magazine published in 1953
Special article by Margaret Bourke-white, NIKKOR No.1 1952
The NIKKOR CLUB NEWS, 1st and 2nd issue 1957
David Douglas Duncan and Jun Miki, NIKKOR CLUB NEWS 26th issue 1963
Studying historic Nikon material
Nikon S and Antarctic camera
Many members of the Kenkyukai bought the Syashin-Kogyo magazine (Mar. 2006).
The article that we have interest is the special article called
"The research of Nikon mythology".
This article was written by Professor Manabu Nakai of Toyama University.
"All the cameras froze and stopped working in the Korean War in very cold winter.
However, only Nikon worked normally."
Prof. Nakai inspected this Nikon mythology in his article.
Squalene, special oil that is included to the liver of the shark living in very deep sea,
was used by Nikon S as the lubricant.
Nikon S was used even the first antarctic expedition team of Japan in 1957.
Akiyama showed us the old book about the Antarctic expedition team of Japan.
Although many photos are published to these books
we were not able to find out the photo of Nikon cameras.
We learned the explanation of the coverage concerning
the Antarctic expedition team of Japan from Ryu Koakimoto-san.
The Syashin-Kogyo (The Photographic Industries magazine)
Special issued book for the Antarctic expedition team of Japan
Ryu Koakimoto-san is studying abut the Antarctic expedition
The Nikon manual
Nikkor for Nicca
It was a very hot meeting.
Beautiful camera and lenses of the member had been put on the table.
What surprises us in the next Tokyo meeting.
Nicca and Nikkor lenses
I obtained the help regarding the Nippon Kogaku telescope from the following specialist.
Thank you very much.
Mr. Mitsuyoshi Kodama, GOTO INC.
Mr. Atsushi Yuasa, Japanese literature critic
Mr. Tamao Tsunoda, Web master of Old Astronomical World
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Copyright Michio Akiyama, Tokyo Japan 2006, 2019